First Aid for Asthma attacks
An asthma attack is a sudden worsening of asthma symptoms, caused by the tightening of muscles around the airways.
This tightening is called a bronchospasm. During an asthma attack, the lining of the airways also becomes swollen or inflamed, and thicker mucus–more than normal–is produced.
Symptoms of an asthma attack:
• Trouble breathing
• Shortness of breath
• Difficulty performing normal daily activities
• Tightened neck and chest muscles, called retractions
• Difficulty Talking
• Pale, sweaty face
• Worsening symptoms despite use of medications
HOW TO MANAGE AN ASTHMA ATTACK
• Sit up straight and try to remain calm. Do not lie down.
• Take one puff of a reliever or rescue inhaler every 30 to 60 seconds, with a maximum of 10 puffs.
• If symptoms get worse or do not improve after 10 puffs, seek emergency medical care.
• If it takes longer than 15 minutes for help to arrive, repeat step 2.
WHAT TO DO IN THE ABSENCE OF AN INHALER
The following tips may help in a situation where the person affected doesn’t have an inhaler close by:
• Sit upright, be sure to avoid lying down as this can make it worse
• Stay calm
• Try to take slow and steady breaths. Breathing exercises have been shown to improve asthma symptoms.
• Be sure to move away from things that might have triggered the asthma attack.
• Call the emergency number
WHY ARE THESE STEPS IMPORTANT
• Sitting up straight will help to open the airways, making it easier for air to move through the lungs.
• Remaining calm is essential, in order not to worsen the situation
Breathing exercises are important as they help to reduce the number of breaths while keeping the airways open longer thus making it easier to breathe.
To learn more about first aid and basic emergency response, sign up to be trained as a Volunteer First Responder today @www.tcerapp.org or call +2347089267337 or send an email to:email@example.com
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You can also access more First Aid tips on the TCERA app, available on the Google Play Store or Apple App Store.