First Aid for Vomiting
Vomiting, also known as “throwing up” or “puking” is when the stomach muscles contract and push its contents out through the food pipe (esophagus) and out of the mouth.
It is a forceful voluntary or involuntary act. Vomiting is usually harmless, but sometimes it might be a symptom of a more serious illness.
Vomiting can occur as a result of having a nauseous feeling but not all nausea leads to vomit. Nausea is a feeling of discomfort, with the urge to vomit.
Probable Causes of Vomiting
The causes of vomiting differ according to age.
For adults, vomiting might result from a viral infection, food poisoning, motion sickness, and illnesses in which the person has a high fever.
For children, it is common for vomiting to occur due to a viral infection, food poisoning, motion sickness, overeating or feeding, coughing, and illnesses in which the child has a high fever.
Other causes include
- Intense pain
- Early pregnancy
- Exposure to chemical toxins
- Emotional stress (fear)
- Gallbladder disease
- Food poisoning
- Certain smells or odors
WAYS TO PREVENT NAUSEA AND VOMITING
- Eat moderate portions of food during the day instead of three large meals.
- Avoid foods that are hard to digest.
- Have your meals cold or at room temperature if you feel nauseated by the smell of hot or warm foods.
- Rest after eating.
- Try to eat when you feel less nauseated.
- Avoid activity after eating.
- Eat light and slowly; do not rush your food.
How to Manage and Stop Vomiting
- Drink gradually larger amounts of clear liquids.
- Avoid solid food until the vomiting stops.
- Take a rest.
- Try deep breathing.
- Temporarily stop all oral medications, irritating the stomach and making vomiting worse.
If vomiting continues for more than 24 hours, the casualty should see a medical professional.
Visit www.traumacareinternational.org/elearnto learn more first aid tips.
You can also access help on the TCERA app, available on the Google Play Store or
Apple App Store.
TCERA, making life count!