08 Feb


A fracture is a complete or partial break in a bone.

The most common causes of fractures include:

  • Trauma: A fall, motor vehicle accident, or tackle during a football game can all result in fractures.
  • Osteoporosis. This disease weakens bones and makes them more likely to break.
  • Overuse: Repetitive motion can tire muscles that act as cushions for bones, this will, in turn, place more force on the bone and cause a stress fracture.


Some types of Fracture include:

     :: Simple or Closed Fracture:  This is when the broken bone remains within the body and does not push into or out of the skin. Symptoms include intense pain, swelling, and bruising.

     :: Compound or Open Fracture: with this type of fracture, there is a break in the skin where the fracture is located. The bone may have fully punctured the skin which can cause bleeding and the danger is that bacteria and other contaminants can infect the bone through the open wound.

     :: Incomplete or Partial Fracture: This is an incomplete break of a bone whereby it bends and only partially breaks. In this scenario, the bone does not break into two or more pieces.

     :: Complete Fracture: In a complete fracture, the bone is completely broken into two or more pieces. It is marked by a complete separation that is further classified according to the position of the breakage.


First Aid for Fracture

     :: Stop any bleeding. Apply pressure to the wound with a sterile bandage, a clean cloth or a clean piece of clothing.

     :: Immobilize the injured area. Don't try to realign the bone or push a bone that's sticking out back in. If you've been trained on how to splint and professional help isn't readily available, apply a splint to the area above and below the fracture sites. Padding the splints can help reduce discomfort.

     :: Apply ice packs to limit swelling and help relieve pain. Don't apply ice directly to the skin. Wrap the ice in a towel, piece of cloth or some other material.

     :: Treat for shock. If the person feels faint or is breathing in short rapid breaths, lay the person down with the head slightly lower than the trunk and, if possible, elevate the legs.


Fracture is a case that requires medical attention. If the broken bone is the result of major trauma or injury, call your local emergency number. 

For more information about first aid for other scenarios, kindly join us today by signing up to be trained as a First Responder 

You can also access simple First Aid tips on the TCERA app, available on the Loveworld Appstore, google play store, and Apple Appstore.

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