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First Aid for Seizures
03 Nov

First Aid for Seizures


A seizure is a general term used to describe uncontrollable muscle contractions resulting in sudden, violent, and irregular movements of the body.

SEIZURES

A seizure is a general term used to describe uncontrollable muscle contractions resulting in sudden, violent, and irregular movements of the body. Some common types of seizures are epileptic, febrile, non-epileptic, and medication-induced seizures.

           1. Epileptic convulsions are caused by electrical disturbances in the brain.

           2. Febrile seizures are caused by a high fever. 

           3. Non-Epileptic seizure may have a psychological origin or may be due to an infection that causes swelling in the brain and releases toxins that disrupt electrical signals.

           4. Medication-induced seizures are related to drugs that cause a sudden rise in chemicals and overstimulate the brain or a sudden drop in chemicals meant to regulate electrical brain activity.

 

SYMPTOMS

 It is usually obvious when someone is experiencing a seizure. An episode may involve the whole body or be limited to a certain part. It may be brief, lasting a few seconds, or continue for a long period.

Some of the features of a seizure include:

        1. Sudden shaking of the entire body

        2. Involuntary jerking

        3. Whole-body rigidity

        4. A clenched jaw

        5. Confusion

        6. Drooling

        7. Loss of bowel or bladder control

        8. Near or total loss of consciousness or a brief blackout

 

FIRST AID FOR SEIZURES

Initial aid for a seizure typically focuses on stabilizing the individual before its cause is identified. Once that is done, do ensure the person is transferred to a healthcare facility for further treatment. 

 Steps to follow for first aid when someone has a seizure:

        1. Ensure the person is free from harm.

        2. Remove any sharp objects lying around.

        3. Keep others from surrounding the victim

        4. Once the jerking stops, place the individual in the recovery position.

        5. Alert the emergency team.

 

Do not:

        1. Restrain the victim.

        2. Attempt to put anything in the casualty’s mouth including fingers.

 

To learn more about first aid and basic emergency response, sign up to be trained as a Volunteer First Responder @www.tcerapp.org or call +2347089267337.

Download the TCERA user app today for more tips, available on the Google play store or Apple App store.

...TCERA, making every life count!

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